Signup for our free newsletter!
Home Bowhunting Museum
The Pope & Young Club Home
Support bowhunting and our bowhunting heritage!
       
Conservation Membership Convention Contact
    Equipment Definitions

DEFINITION OF A HUNTING BOW, ARROW AND BROADHEAD

The Pope and Young Club has established the following standard definitions of bowhunting equipment.

I. Hunting Bow

A.            A hunting bow for big game shall be a longbow, flat bow, recurve bow, compound bow or any combination of these designs meeting the following requirements and restrictions:

1.             A device for launching an arrow, which derives its propulsive energy solely from the bending and recovery of two limbs.

2.             The bow must be hand drawn by a single and direct, uninterrupted pulling action of the shooter. The bowstring must be moved from brace height to the full draw position by the muscle power of the shooter’s body. The energy used to propel the arrow shall not be derived from any other source such as hydraulic, pneumatic, mechanical or similar devices. These limitations shall not exclude the mechanical leverage advantage provided by eccentric wheels or cams so long as the available energy stored in the bent limbs of the bow is the sole result of a single, continuous, and direct pulling effort by the shooter.

3.             The bow must be hand-held. One hand shall hold the bow and the other hand draw the bowstring. The bowstring must be moved and/or held at all points in the draw cycle entirely by the muscle power of the shooter until release. The bowstring must be released as a direct and conscious action of the shooter’s either relaxing the tension of the fingers or triggering the release action of a hand-held release aid.

B.            Exceptions: Physically handicapped bowhunters shall be excepted from the requirements of holding or shooting the bow with their hands.

C.            Exclusions:

1.             The following shall not be considered a hunting bow:

a.)           A crossbow.

b.)           Any device with a gun-type stock or incorporating any device or mechanism that holds the bowstring at partial or full draw without the shooter’s muscle power.

c.)            Electronic or battery-powered devices shall not be attached to a hunting bow, with the exception of recording devices                                       that cast no light towards the target and do not aid in rangefinding, sighting or shooting the bow.

d.)           No portion of the bow’s riser (handle) or any track, trough, channel or other device that attaches directly to the bow’s riser shall contact, support, and/or guide the arrow from a point rearward of the bow’s brace height.

D.            Let-Off for Compound Bows: * There is no maximum let-off for a hand-held, hand-released bow. We do gather statistics on this data, therefore we state how let-off should be measured.

1.             Definition of let-off: That characteristic of a bow that results in a reduction of the force necessary to increase the draw length after the highest level of draw force has been reached. This is characteristic generally associated with, but not restricted to, compound bows.

2.             The maximum let-off on a compound bow shall be measured at a point in the draw cycle after the peak draw weight has been attained. It shall be measured near the end of the draw cycle where the minimum holding force is reached. This point in the draw cycle on a compound bow is known as "the bottom of the valley."

3.             Determination of the percent of let-off: The values of the peak draw force and the let-off force shall be used to calculate the percent of let-off. The peak force is the maximum force obtained during the draw cycle. The let-off force is the lowest force reached following the peak force during a single uninterrupted draw cycle. In all cases, both the highest and lowest force shall be read from a scale during a single and continual pull condition, without relaxation. This technique eliminates the introduction of hysteresis, which can distort the reading.

% Let-off = 100 X [(Peak Draw Force) - (Minimum Holding Force)] / (Peak Draw Force)


II. Hunting Arrow

A.            A hunting arrow shall have the following characteristics:

1.             It shall be a projectile at least 20 inches overall length. The length of the arrow shall be measured from the rearward point of the nock to the tip of the broadhead.

2.             Fletching shall be attached to the aft end.

3.             A broadhead shall be mounted on the fore end.

4.             The arrow shall weigh no less than 300 grains with the broadhead attached.

B.            Exclusions:

1.             No electronic or battery-powered devices shall be attached to the arrow, with the exception of lighted nocks.

2.             No poison, drug, or explosives shall be attached to the arrow.


III. Hunting Broadhead

A.            The broadhead for big game shall meet the following requirements:

1.             Possess two or more sharp cutting edges, fixed or movable, that can be sharpened and/or replaced.

2.             Be at least 7/8 inches wide at the widest point of the sharp cutting edges.

3.             Weigh no less than 70 grains.


Records | Bowhunter/Conservationist | Fair Chase | Heritage | Youth

POPE & YOUNG CLUB NEWS | View All

 UPDATED: Job Opening Announcement
Here is your opportunity to join the highly dedicated and professional staff of the Pope and Young Club while serving as one of the leading authorities in the scoring community. The Pope and Young Club has been the protector / promoter of bowhunting and the voice for bowhunters in North America since 1961. Be the director of the largest bowhunting records program in the world, while working with
4/2/2021... »

 New World Record Non-Typical American Elk
On Saturday, March 20th, the Pope and Young Club convened a Special Panel of Judges in Alberta, Canada for a potential P&Y World Record Non-Typical American Elk.
3/23/2021... »

 P&Y Announces New Corporate Partner: Garmin
The Pope & Young Club is proud to announce Garmin’s support of the club as our newest sponsor. Garmin has proven their commitment to protecting, promoting, and preserving the passion for bowhunting by joining the club as a GOLD level Corporate Sponsor.
3/18/2021... »

 Job Opening Announcement
Here is your opportunity to join the highly dedicated and professional staff of the Pope and Young Club while serving as one of the leading authorities in the scoring community. The Pope and Young Club has been the protector / promoter of bowhunting and the voice for bowhunters in North America since 1961. Be the director of the largest bowhunting records program in the world, while working with
3/16/2021... »
PHOTO-OF-THE-WEEK | View All
Steve W. Brown
Sangamon County, IL
1/26/2021 - 2/1/2021



Testimonials | View All
"Xpedition Archery is excited to continue our partnership with the P&Y Club. The tradition of fair chase, ethical bow hunting is at their core and ours. We believe strong partnerships with conservation-based organizations, like Pope & Young, will protect and enhance our bow hunting heritage. We applaud the efforts put forth by the P&Y club and look forward to continuing our partnership for years to come."
Curt Headington, V.P. Xpedition Archery
"Pope and Young has the future of archery at its forefront. I have been a Pope and Young member for almost twenty years and a measurer for fourteen. As a founding member of Gearhead Archery, I am so proud that we were able to partner with the Pope and Young Club. Here's to the future of archery!"
Skip Petersen, Director of Operations for Gearhead Archery
Pope & Young Club Home | Bowhunting | Records/Measuring | Conservation | Members | P&Y Store Info/Contact Us | Privacy Policy | Terms of Use Become a Pope & Young Supporter
For information, call (507) 867-4144
Email: admin@pope-young.org
© 2021 All Rights Reserved
The Pope and Young Club | PO Box 548, Chatfield, MN 55923